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Brexit and the Natural Environment

CIEEM Brexit Activities - Achieving a Better Future




CIEEM Engagement and Activities

Key Links and Documents

Links to Other External Information and News



Conservative Party Manifesto and Referendum Result

Prior to the May 2015 general election, the Conservative Party manifesto committed to a referendum on the UK's membership of the EU by the end of 2017. Having won a majority at the election, the Conservative Party delivered this commitment by holding the referendum on Thursday 23 June 2016.

The referendum result was a narrow majority in favour of leaving the EU. CIEEM issued a statement immediately after the result was announced, and a follow up statement a week later.

In October 2016, the Prime Minister announced the Great Repeal Bill, which will end EU supremacy over UK legislation and repeal the European Communities Act 1972. The Bill will move all EU legislation into UK law unless otherwise amended. CIEEM's position (see below) is that this enabling legislation is needed, however the details of how this will be enacted and its effect on different types of laws has not been disclosed and will be the detail that determines how legislation may change for the natural environment. The Institute for Government has published Legislating Brexit: The Great Repeal Bill and the wider legislative challenge, which it says will require up to 15 new bills in addition to the Great Repeal Bill to deliver Brexit - and that Brexit will place a huge burden on both parliament and government departments.

On 17 January 2017 the Prime Minister set out her Plan for Britain, including the 12 priorities that the UK government will use to negotiate Brexit. Her speech further pointed towards the UK leaving the single market.

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Article 50 and Plan for Britain

The Supreme Court judgement of 24 January 2017 determined that the Prime Minister had to seek Parliamemtary approval (but not from the devolved administrations) to trigger Article 50. Parliament voted in favour of triggering Article 50 on 1 February 2017.

Following the vote to trigger Article 50, the UK Government published its Brexit White Paper on 2 February 2017. Read more.

Scotland and Wales have also published White Papers on Brexit.

On 13 March 2017 Parliament passed the European Union (Notification of Withdrawal) Bill 2017, with Royal Assent given on 16 March 2017. The Bill confered power on the Prime Minister to notify, under Article 50, the UK’s intention to withdraw from the EU.

On 16 March 2017 the UK Government launched the Plan for Britain (and Northern Ireland) website, which outlines how the Government intends to "build a stronger, fairer Britain as we leave the European Union". The website also includes the Government’s 12 objectives for the negotiations ahead. At the time of its launch there is no mention whatsoever of the environment.

Prime Minister Theresa May triggered Article 50 with a letter to President of the European Council Donald Tusk on 29 March 2017. Exit negotiations will now take place to agree on the UK's new relationship with the EU. Unless the two-year negotiation period is extended by mutual consent, the UK will leave the EU by the end of March 2019.

On 29 March 2017 the European Parliament published a motion for a resolution to wind up the debate on negotiations with the UK following its notification that it intends to withdraw from the EU. The motion states “that any future agreement between the European Union and the United Kingdom is conditional on the United Kingdom’s continued adherence to the standards provided by the Union’s legislation and policies, in, among others, the fields of the environment, climate change, the fight against tax evasion and avoidance, fair competition, trade and social policy.”

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Repeal Bill

On 30 March 2017 the UK Government published Legislating for the United Kingdom’s withdrawal from the European Union. This is the Government’s Great Repeal Bill White Paper, which sets out the Government’s proposals for ensuring a functioning statute book once the UK has left the EU. Read more.

The UK government published the European Union (Withdrawal) Bill on 13 July 2017. Also known as the Repeal Bill, CIEEM has looked at the potential concerns for the enironmental sector. Read more.

CIEEM has, as part of the Environmental Policy Forum group, written jointly to the UK government regarding our concerns with the Repeal Bill. Read more.

A useful overview of issues and documents relating to the Withdrawal Bill can be found on the Public Law For Everyone website.

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UK General Election

The snap general election called by Prime Minister Theresa May for 8 June has added another layer of uncertainty to Brexit. It is possible, though perhaps unlikely, that the UK could have a new Government following the vote. It is however more likely that the UK will have new ministers, and that the Westminster Select Committees and All Party Parliamentary Groups will be be made up of a new set of MPs.

In response to the Prime Minister calling the general election, CIEEM wrote to all of the main political parties to call on them to include in their election manifestos a commitment to maintaining, or better yet enhancing, the protection of the natural environment following the UK leaving the EU. Following this we analysed each of the published manifestos for their environmental content and credentials.

After the election our President wrote about the uncertainty created by the result. We have also drafted an overview of the environmental content of the Queen's speech.

Michael Gove has been appointed as the new Environment Secretary and gave his first keynote speech on 21 July 2017.

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Implications for Ecology and Environmental Management

Most of the UK's wildlife and environmental legislation is based on EU legislation and there is currently no certainty as to how these will be replaced. Changes to the legislation under which most of the UK ecology and nature conservation profession works will have potentially profound and serious implications for CIEEM members and the sector.

CIEEM is working to more fully understand the potential consequences of leaving the EU and to have as much positive influence on the changes to legislation in relation to the natural environment. This will of course depend on the nature of the UK's new relationship with the EU.

We will keep this webpage and members updated on developments.

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Other Considerations

Members and others may also be interested in the Business Continuity Institute's papers on Brexit, entitled Horizon scanning post-Brexit: What should businesses prepare for? and Brexit: Analysing the impact of change.

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CIEEM Engagement and Activities

CIEEM Scoping Workshop

We organised a workshop for members and non-members with relevant experience on 31 July 2015 in Birmingham was a scoping exercise to determine the boundaries of the evidence to collect, the types of evidence needed, and how to collect it. A brief report of the workshop was produced.

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Table of Directives

CIEEM has produced a table of all the environmental directives, which indicates how they are implemented in each UK country.

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Survey of CIEEM Members

We have undertaken a survey of the CIEEM membership to ask their views on the impacts of a possible Brexit in relation to the natural environment and the sector. The results show overwhelming support for remaining a member of the EU. The full findings can be found in the below report.

Read the full survey report.

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CIEEM Position Statement on EU Membership

On 9 June CIEEM published its position on the UK’s EU Referendum.

In our statement, CIEEM highlights benefits such as protection of wildlife habitats and species, rigorous standards for pollution control, and the cleanliness of bathing beaches – all of which have been delivered because of EU legislation.

CIEEM points to the positive impact of the Natura 2000 network of protected areas and how this has contributed to creating a coherent and interconnected mechanism across the continent for the benefit of many species and habitats.

Interestingly, it is not just species and habitats that we believe will be effected by the lack of EU legislation; the uncertainty of appropriate legislation to be put in place if the United Kingdom were to leave the EU would also effect housing, construction and engineering, all of which interact with environmental legislation. CIEEM highlights that the interim period leaves ambiguity around the planning system which could result in a decrease in activity and investment in these sectors.

CIEEM’s full position on the EU Referendum offers an insightful statement on encouraging all those who are concerned with the natural environment to vote to remain a member of the EU.

Read the full Position Statement.

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CIEEM Position Statement on Brexit

In August 2016, CIEEM published its views on Brexit and what should happen next regarding the natural environment.

CIEEM advocates a continuation of protection for species and habitats in line with current EU legislation. Providing certainty for all stakeholders must be an immediate priority for the UK Government. Industry and investment relies on certainty and the current legislation provides this.

We do however recognise that there is an opportunity to improve implementation of legislation for the benefit of society, the economy and the environment, but that the UK cannot move forward until we are clear on our future trading relationship with the EU.

CIEEM would like to see enabling legislation that will continue EU environmental legislation post Brexit. This will provide the opportunity and time to then improve and enhance the legislation and its implementation over a longer time period, and at the same time alleviate pressure on Governments and statutory agencies.

The immediate short-term focus should be on ensuring that each UK nation has in place a clear and ambitious integrated vision for its biodiversity and natural environment, which can then be used to determine what legislation is needed to deliver that vision.

The UK Government must also be mindful that how environmental management and protection is approached in Northern Ireland has profound implications in the Republic of Ireland and vice versa.

In negotiating a new relationship with the EU, CIEEM advocates the importance of maintaining access to research and environmental funding, the economic importance of enabling UK environmental expertise to access the single market, and the ability for UK organisations to continue to employ EU citizens and vice versa.

CIEEM has offered our independent expertise and advice to governments and Ministers and we will work with all stakeholders to get the best possible result for the natural environment.

Read the full Position Statement.

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CIEEM Letters to Parliamentarians

In July and August 2016, CIEEM wrote to all UK Ministers, MPs, MSPs, AMs and MLAs in relation to Brexit and the natural environment, setting out our position and how CIEEM could be of assistance. Read the letters.

In January 2017, following on from the Environmental Audit Committee's report on the natural environment after the EU referendum, CIEEM - jointly with the British Ecological Society, the Institution of Environmental Sciences and the Landscape Institute - identified a number of principles for future policy relating to land management and the natural environment, and issued a joint letter to Environment Secretary Andrea Leadsom setting out our ideas in greater detail as well as our support for some of the key recommendations from the Committee’s report. Read more.

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CIEEM Brexit Task Groups

CIEEM initially set up seven Working Groups to look at the following specific topics in relation to Brexit:

  1. Land Management and Agricultural Policy
  2. Protected Species
  3. Protected Areas (terrestrial)
  4. Marine Protected Areas
  5. Fisheries Policy
  6. Non-Native Invasive Species and Biosecurity
  7. Water Resource Management and Air Quality

Following further work and feedback we have reformed these seven Working Groups into five Task Groups:

  1. Land Management
  2. Marine Environment
  3. Sites Protection
  4. Species Protection
  5. Water

To become involved in one or more of these Groups or for more information please contact

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CIEEM Responses to Select Committee Inquiries

CIEEM has responded to the following Brexit-related inquiries and consultations:

  • Leaving the EU: implications and opportunities for science and research (Science and Technology Committee inquiry)
    3 August 2016
  • Future of the Natural Environment after the EU Referendum inquiry (Environmental Audit Committee)
    9 September 2016

CIEEM responses to consultations and inquiries can be found on our Past Consultation Responses webpage.

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Brexit Articles in In Practice Magazine

CIEEM members can access articles in In Practice on Brexit in the Members' Area of the website.The following articles have been published:




Sep 2016

The Reality of Brexit

Wyn Jones

Sep 2016

Brexit: What now for the ecological consultancy market?

Andrew Baker

Dec 2016

Brexit: Potential Impacts On Our Natural Environment Legal Framework

Penny Simpson

Dec 2016

Viewpoint: A Brexit Heretic

David Lowe

Sep 2017

This edition of In Practice is on the theme of 'One Year on from the EU Referendum'


There is an ongoing timetable for articles throughout 2017.

Non-members are able to subscribe to, or buy single editions of, In Practice.

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Other Engagement and Partnerships

CIEEM Policy and Communications Manager, Jason Reeves, gave a talk on 'Brexit and Ecology Professionals' at the Linnean Society of London on 22 September 2016.

Since late-2016, CIEEM has been working closely with the British Ecological Society, the Chartered Institution of Water and Environmental Management, the Institution of Environmental Sciences, and the Landscape Institute on sharing information and collaborating on our respective Brexit policy work where appropriate.

In March 2017 CIEEM jointly - through Greener UK and along with 46 other environmental organisations - wrote to Prime Minister Theresa May regarding the triggering of Article 50 and the Great Repeal Bill. Read more.

Also in March 2017, CIEEM's Governing Board approved the Institute joining Greener UK as a 'supporter' member. Greener UK's Pledge for the Environment has been signed by over 200 MPs - has your MP signed?

Greener UK has also created a Brexit Risk Tracker, a tool for monitoring the UK government’s choices around safeguarding environmental protections throughout the Brexit process. Researched and written by experts from Greener UK partner organisations, it helps to sift through the confusion with clear traffic light ratings indicating how the government is managing key environmental issues around Brexit and whether it is really delivering on its promise to leave the environment in a better state than it found it.

In April 2017, CIEEM President Dr Stephanie Wray CEcol CEnv FCIEEM spoke at the Westminster Energy, Environment and Transport Forum event on 'The way forward for natural environment policy post-Brexit' where she set out some of our thinking to date. Read more.

In June 2017, CIEEM CEO Sally Hayns CEcol MCIEEM spoke at the Westminster Energy, Environment and Transport Forum event on 'Wildlife Law: Understanding Current Policy & Next Steps for Reform'. Read more.

CIEEM has contributed to the Harvard Kennedy School report entitled Making Brexit work for British Business: Key Execution Priorities.

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Key Links and Documents Relevant to Brexit and the Natural Environment




Brexit and Nature Conservation Factsheet

UK Environmental Law Association

5 Sep 2017

The potential implications of leaving the EU for UK agriculture and the rural environment (LUPG027)

Land Use Policy Group (comprises Natural England, Natural Resources Wales, Scottish Natural Heritage, Environment Agency, Northern Ireland Environment Agency, Scottish Environment Protection Agency)

31 Aug 2017

Ensuring the Withdrawal Bill leads to a greener UK - Parliamentary briefing

Greener UK

Aug 2017

The governance gap: why Brexit could weaken environmental protections - Briefing for parliamentarians and policy makers

Greener UK

Aug 2017

Brexit and the Future of Ireland - Uniting Ireland & Its People in Peace & Prosperity

Joint Committee on the Implementation of the Good Friday Agreement (Houses of the Oireachtas)

Aug 2017

Speech: The Unfrozen Moment - Delivering A Green Brexit

Rt Hon Michael Gove MP, Environment Secretary

21 Jul 2017

Brexit and Environmental Law: Enforcement and Political Accountability Issues

UK Environmental Law Association

18 Jul 2017

Principles For a Sustainable Brexit: A Strategic Plan for Clean Growth

Policy Connect

Jul 2017

The Repeal Bill: securing a strong foundation for a greener UK - Briefing for parliamentarians and policy makers

Greener UK

Jun 2017

Withdrawal of the United Kingdom from the European Union - Brexit: Implications and Potential Solutions

Seanad Special Select Committee (Houses of the Oireachtas)

Jun 2017

Brexit: agriculture - 20th Report of Session 2016-17 (HL Paper 169)

House of Lords European Union Committee

3 May 2017

Government response to the House of Lords EU Energy and Environment Sub-Committee report into Brexit, Environment and Climate Change Policy

Dr Thérèse Coffey MP, Parliamentary Under Secretary of State, Defra

16 Apr 2017

Legislating for the United Kingdom’s withdrawal from the European Union (Great Repeal Bill White Paper)

UK Government

30 Mar 2017

Letter to Donald Tusk triggering Article 50

Prime Minister Theresa May

29 Mar 2017

Motion for a resolution to wind up the debate on negotiations with the UK following its notification that it intends to withdraw from the EU

European Parliament

29 Mar 2017

Government response to House of Lords EU Energy and Environment Sub-Committee Report into the future of fisheries in the light of the vote to leave the EU

UK Government

16 Mar 2017

The future of environmental policy after Brexit (event summary report)

Natural Capital Initiative

9 Mar 2017


Great Repeal Bill Briefing

Agriculture at a crossroads: the need for sustainable farming and land use policies

Delivering sustainable fisheries management: A sustainable future for UK seas

Securing a healthier environment and nature’s recovery: A briefing for policy makers following the EU referendum

UK climate leadership and low carbon investment: A briefing for policy makers following the EU referendum

Greener UK

22 Feb 2017

Brexit: environment and climate change (12th Report of Session 2016–17)

Lords EU Energy and Environment Sub-Committee

14 Feb 2017

Exiting the EU, not the environment

Caroline Lucas MP, Green Party Co-leader

13 Feb 2017

White Paper: The United Kingdom's exit from and new partnership with the European Union

UK Government

2 Feb 2017

Securing Wales’ Future: Transition from the European Union to a new relationship with Europe [Wales Brexit White Paper]

Welsh Government

23 Jan 2017

Speech: The Government's negotiating objectives for exiting the EU

Prime Minister Theresa May

17 Jan 2017

The Future of the Natural Environment after the EU Referendum (Sixth Report of Session 2016–17)

Environmental Audit Committee

4 Jan 2017

Speech: Environment Secretary sets out ambition for food and farming industry

Environment Secretary Andrea Leadsom

4 Jan 2017

Scotland's Place in Europe [Scotland Brexit White Paper]

Scottish Government

20 Dec 2016

Brexit: fisheries - 8th Report of Session 2016-17 (HL Paper 78)

House of Lords European Union Committee

17 Dec 2016

The EU Referendum and the UK Environment: The Future Under a 'Hard' and a 'Soft' Brexit

Burns, C., Jordan, A. and Gravey, V.

Aug 2016

Brexit - What next for Environmental & Climate Change Law?

Clifford Chance

June 2016

Brexit – the Implications for UK Environmental Policy and Regulation

A special independent report commissioned by the All Party Parliamentary Environment Group

Prepared by David Baldock, Andrew Farmer and Martin Nesbit (Institute for European Environmental Policy)

Mar 2016

The potential policy and environmental consequences for the UK of a departure from the European Union

IEEP report commissioned by RSPB, The Wildlife Trusts and WWF

9 Mar 2016

EU exit: impact in key UK policy areas

House of Commons Library

9 Jun 2015

The Implications for UK Environmental Policy of a Vote to Exit the EU

Dr Charlotte Burns, University of York

9 May 2013

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Links to Other External Information and News Relevant to the EU Referendum and the Natural Environment




Brexit: All you need to know

BBC News


Brexit: what now?

Institute for Government


Official Welsh Government Brexit page

Welsh Government


EU Referendum Webpage

UK Environmental Law Association (UKELA)


The EU Referendum and the UK Environment: An Expert Review

Dr Charlotte Burns, University of York

Dr Viviane Gravey, Queen's University Belfast

Prof. Andy Jordan, University of East Anglia


Brexit: a reading list of post-EU Referendum publications by the UK Parliament and the Devolved Assemblies (Briefing Paper no. 07912)

House of Commons Library

5 Sep 2017

Are we heading for a 'Green Brexit'? Who the hell knows

James Murray, Green Business

15 Aug 2017

Farm subsidies 'must be earned' - Michael Gove

Roger Harrabin, BBC environment analyst

21 Jul 2017

Farmers must earn future subsidies under new 'Green Brexit' plan, says Michael Gove

Farming UK

21 Jul 2017

Legal experts highlight Brexit environmental enforcement concerns

Environment Analyst

13 Jul 2017

Green groups call for overhaul of repeal bill to safeguard environment after Brexit

Sandra Laville, Guardian

12 Jul 2017

EU policy should help farmers and protect environment, survey says

Kevin O'Sullivan, Irish Times

7 Jul 2017

The harder the Brexit, the worse the climate impact, study warns

Kevin O'Sullivan, Irish Times

5 Jul 2017

Lawyers plan to stop UK dropping EU rules on environment after Brexit

Sandra Laville, Guardian

3 Jul 2017

Environmental law will pose immense challenges in run up to Brexit


28 Jun 2017

Brexit ‘tragic’ for the environment, warns Potocnik

Elizabeth Slow, Let's Recycle

28 Jun 2017

UK risks becoming 'dumping ground' for plastic after Brexit

Matthew Taylor and Sandra Laville, Guardian

28 Jun 2017

Brexit won’t change environmental liability laws

Bethan Moorcraft, Insurance Business

28 Jun 2017

Four key changes to environmental liability in the UK

Bethan Moorcraft, Insurance Business

27 Jun 2017

Long-term government environment plan could be shelved until 2018

Edward Perchard, Resource

26 Jun 2017

Leaving in an orderly fashion - our approach to Brexit

The Law Society

17 May 2017

Poll finds post-Brexit support for continued use of EU environmental standards

David Pratt, Clean Energy News

8 May 2017

Brexit is an opportunity to reinvigorate our woodland – the Conservatives should seize it

Sam Hall, Telegraph

6 May 2017

Falklands discusses Brexit impact on environmental funding with UKOTs


5 May 2017

Britain's Environment In Far-Flung Areas At Risk Because Of Brexit Distraction, Budget Cuts

The Science Times

3 May 2017

Three unintended consequences of Brexit for UK energy and climate policy

Charlotte Burns, The Conversation

2 May 2017

Soft clean Brexit or hard dirty Brexit: The great unpicking of EU regulations begins

Brendan Montague, Open Democracy

26 Apr 2017

Green groups warn against post-Brexit 'race to the bottom'

Michael Holder, Business Green

18 Apr 2017

Environment will be one of the key election battlegrounds


Tom Bawden, Science and environment correspondent, iNews

18 Apr 2017

Environment will be one of the key election battlegrounds

Read more at:
Environment will be one of the key election battlegrounds

Read more at:
Environment will be one of the key election battlegrounds

Read more at:

Green groups warn of 'race to the bottom'

16 Apr 2017

What will Brexit mean for Defra?

Mark Rowe, Civil Service World

13 Apr 2017

Reports: Foreign Office prepares for 'scaled down' climate work

James Murray, Business Green

10 Apr 2017

How to move an elephant to Europe post-Brexit

Emine Saner, The Guardian

9 Apr 2017

UK to 'scale down' climate change and illegal wildlife measures to bring in post-Brexit trade, secret documents reveal

Rachael Revesz, Independent

9 Apr 2017

Local elections: Greens warn of Brexit 'environment threat'

BBC News

7 Apr 2017

The green business guide to Brexit: 10 questions to ask

James Murray, Green Biz

7 Apr 2017

Brexit is a time for change [for wildlife protection]

Peter Shirley, Birmingham Post

6 Apr 2017

Brexit will bring more effective environmental protection

Ian Duncan MEP, Holyrood

6 Apr 2017

Owen Paterson spells out vision for farming post Brexit

[Referenced reports]

Philip Case, Farmers Weekly

6 Apr 2017

Tory voters want environmental regulations maintained after Brexit

Peter Walker, Political correspondent,The Guardian

4 Apr 2017

Great Repeal Bill raises environmental concerns for green groups

31 Mar 2017

Repeal Bill: stricter scrutiny needed to make the White Paper green

Richard Benwell, Wildfowl & Wetlands Trust

31 Mar 2017

How concerned are we about the environment in Brexit Britain?

Diana Jarvis, Ealing Times

31 Mar 2017

Caroline Lucas: Government is ‘extraordinarily complacent’ about eco-hazards post Brexit

Tom Bawden, iNews

31 Mar 2017

VIDEO: British nature after Brexit

Channel 4 News

30 Mar 2017

The curious disappearance of climate change, from Brexit to Berlin

Andrew Simms, The Guardian

30 Mar 2017

Brexit: 'Zombie legislation' risk for UK environment laws

Sam Lowe, Friends of the Earth

29 Mar 2017

A strong parliament will be nature’s last line of defence during Brexit

John Sauven, The Guardian

29 Mar 2017

Things have come to a halt says group planning for Brexit's environmental impact

 Belfast Telegraph

29 Mar 2017

Reconciling post-Brexit development and environmental protection goals

Ben Kite CEcol MCIEEM, The Planner

28 Mar 2017

Five very real risks to our environment from Brexit and how to tackle them

Leah Davis, Green Alliance

27 Mar 2017

Slash EU regulations on wildlife protection and drug safety trials after Brexit, Michael Gove urges

Jon Stone, Political Correspondent, Independent

26 Mar 2017

Brexit threatens environmental law enforcement

Kalina Oroschakoff and Marion Solletty, Politico

23 Mar 2017

Climate change helped cause Brexit, says Al Gore

Ian Johnston, Environment Correspondent, Independent

23 Mar 2017

Government must get trade deals in place before deciding post-Brexit food, farming and environmental strategies

Olivia Cooper, FG insight

21 Mar 2017

Europe should remain focused in the face of Brexit and not lose its value for the environment, former Commissioners and leading experts warn

European Environmental Bureau

21 Mar 2017

Richard Ali: Environmental payments. A safety net. And a sovereign fund. How to build a post-Brexit future for farming.

Richard Ali, Conservative Home

18 Mar 2017

Get set for tough trading after Brexit, farmers warned

Andrew Arbuckle, Scotsman

17 Mar 2017

Brexit could see environmental regulation become “more piecemeal, incremental, minimalist and reactive”, MSPs hear

Liam Kirkaldy, Holyrood magazine

15 Mar 2017

Brexit creates an opportunity to support UK food production and restore nature

Rt Hon Dame Caroline Spelman MP, former Secretary of State for Environment, Food and Rural Affairs

13 Mar 2017

Post-Brexit UK agriculture policy to offer 'modules' to devolved governments – Eustice

Thomas Hubert, Irish Farmers Journal

9 Mar 2017

Video interview [with Molly Scott Cato MEP]: Government has ‘no plan’ for farming after Brexit

Tony Gussin, North Devon Gazette

27 Feb 2017

Theresa May must not sacrifice environmental laws after Brexit, warn leading climate groups

Tom Batchelor, The Independent

22 Feb 2017

Brexit must leave our environment in a better state

Baroness Jenny Jones, BrexitCentral

22 Feb 2017

As we leave the EU we must plan for nature’s recovery

Ali Plummer, wildlife law campaigner, The Wildlife Trusts

20 Feb 2017

UK scientists seek closer relationship with US after Brexit

Pallab Ghosh, Science correspondent, BBC News

17 Feb 2017

Britain’s dirty air problem could be a sign of things to come post-Brexit

Leo Cendrowicz, iNews

17 Feb 2017

UK fishermen may not win waters back after Brexit, EU memo reveals

Daniel Boffey, The Guardian

15 Feb 2017

Brexit risks environmental ‘vacuum’ – Lords Committee

Edward Perchard, Resource

14 Feb 2017

What would Brexit mean for Britain's green targets?

Emily Gosden, Energy Editor, The Telegraph

14 Feb 2017

Government accused of 'worrying complacency' over environment in post-Brexit Britain

Ian Johnston, Environment Correspondent, The Independent

14 Feb 2017

UK must play 'careful game' to balance green policy and new trade deals

Matt Mace,

14 Feb 2017

Opinion: A ‘green guarantee’ could stop Brexit ruining our environment

Caroline Lucas MP, The Guardian

13 Feb 2017

Lucas warns of ‘cocktail of risks’ for our post-Brexit environment

Edward Perchard, Resource

13 Feb 2017

Voices: The next test for this Government is its commitment to its own citizens, and to Europe's best ideas

The Independent

13 Feb 2017

Developers set for Brexit triumph over great crested newt

George Parker and George Hammond, Financial Times

10 Feb 2017

Voices: We should be worried about the Government’s lack of a post-Brexit plan for the environment

James Thorton, The Independent

7 Feb 2017

MEPs in bid to force UK to meet environmental regulations after Brexit

Daniel Boffey, The Guardian

31 Jan 2017

UK2020 reports on UK agricultural, environment and fisheries policy post-Brexit

Owen Paterson MP

27 Jan 2017

PM outlines plan for Britain out of single market: Clarity on environmental legislation required as May outlines UK’s preferred Brexit route and stresses importance of economic infrastructure and industrial strategy

Environment Analyst

19 Jan 2017

Brexit poses uncertainty, opportunity for Britain's environmental consultants: report

Luke Nicholls,

18 Jan 2017

Green Brexit: Safeguarding Britain's environment

Baroness Jones and Baroness Parminter

16 Jan 2017

Roseanna Cunningham: Brexit puts Scotland's environment at risk

Liam Kirkaldy, Holyrood magazine

13 Jan 2017

Brexit ‘zombie legislation’ could damage wildlife and farming, MPs warn

Damian Carrington, The Guardian

4 Jan 2017

EU environment law could turn to ‘zombie legislation’ post-Brexit, say MPs

Edward Perchard, resource

4 Jan 2017

Brexit: UK-Irish relations (HL Paper 76) (6th Report of Session 2016–17)

House of Lords European Union Select Committee

12 Dec 2016

Climate Chief: UK must not use Brexit to water down environment laws

Severin Carrell, Scotland Editor, The Guardian

27 Sep 2016

UK examines plans to avoid ‘zombie laws’ as Brexit wreaks havoc on statute book

Matthew Holehouse, MLex

8 Sep 2016

Tory MPs call for shift in farming subsidies to green protections

Damian Carrington, Guardian

5 Sep 2016

Brussels green groups urge EU leaders to embrace sustainability agenda post-Brexit

Madeleine Cuff, Business Green

31 Aug 2016

British public back strong new wildlife laws post-Brexit, YouGov poll shows

Damian Carrington, Guardian

25 Aug 2016

National Trust calls for complete reform of British farm subsidies


 John Vidal, Guardian

4 Aug 2016

Environmental Audit Select Committee seeking Brexit specialist adviser


Environmental Audit Select Committee

3 Aug 2016

Academics feel blight of Brexit – from cancer research to peat projects


 Donna Ferguson, Guardian

2 Aug 2016

Scottish farms face losing millions in subsidy after Brexit

Severin Carrell, Scotland editor, Guardian

28 Jul 2016

Environmental Audit Committee requests Ministers give evidence on plans for environmental legislation

 Environmental Audit Select Committee

27 Jul 2016

Watch the debate: People, politics and the planet: any questions? Britain in a changing Europe

Royal Geographical Society, British Ecological Society and Sibthorp Trust

21 July 2016

Northern Ireland and Wales must work together to maximise opportunities presented by Brexit

 Department of Agriculture, Environment and Rural Affairs

20 Jul 2016

Will science thrive in the new Government?

Campaign for Science and Engineering (CaSE) 15 Jul 2016

Countryside faces Brexit anxiety


Roger Harrabin, BBC environment analyst


15 Jul 2016

Second EU referendum petition to be debated in Parliament

Samuel Osborne, Independent

12 Jul 2016

Will EU toss environment to a lame-duck Brexit bureaucrat?

12 Jul 2016

UN calls for post-Brexit UK to link with EU on environment policy

Arthur Neslen, Guardian

6 Jul 2016

Britain Vote Out > Implications for Environmental Policy

Aldersgate Group event summary

6 Jul 2016

Communication a necessity for post-Brexit green business prosperity

6 Jul 2016

What does the Leave vote mean for Scotland's environment?

Liam Kirkaldy, Holyrood magazine

1 Jul 2016

Working together to protect nature


30 Jun 2016

Don't panic, Brexit doesn't have to spell gloom for the environment

Michael Jacobs, Guardian

30 Jun 2016

Fears grow for Nature Directives in the UK post-Brexit

Environment Analyst

29 Jun 2016

Green lining? Five ways Brexit could be good for the environment

Michael Le Page, New Scientist

29 Jun 2016

A legal perspective on the UK’s decision to leave the EU (webinar)


28 Jun 2016

British Ecological Society response to the UK’s EU referendum result

Hazel Norman, British Ecological Society

28 Jun 2016

Brexit and Wildlife Legislation

Thomson Ecology

24 Jun 2016

WWF responds to EU referendum result


24 Jun 2016

UK's out vote is a 'red alert' for the environment

Damian Carrington, Guardian

24 Jun 2016

The green business reaction: Could Brexit 'erode' environmental policies?

24 Jun 2016

Planners call for consistency following EU Referendum decision

Scottish Construction Now!

24 Jun 2016

EU Referendum: The environmental arguments FOR and AGAINST Brexit

22 Jun 2016

Natalie Bennett and Ed Davey: Brexit would be an 'environmental disaster' under this UK Government

22 Jun 2016

EU referendum: How will sustainability professionals be voting?

22 Jun 2016

Countryside IN letter of support for the EU

Letters, Independent

21 Jun 2016

EU referendum: Brexit will lead to fracking free-for-all as environmental regulation will be up for grabs, experts say

Andrew Griffin, Independent

21 Jun 2016

Barbara Young: Environment doesn’t respect borders so EU best hope of change

The Scotsman

18 Jun 2016

Friends of the Earth: We Risk Too Much to Vote for a Brexit

Samuel Lowe, Newsweek

18 June 2016

Brexit: Cutting red tape, or weakening green laws?

17 Jun 2016

Brexit would crush our environment and green businesses

Molly Scott Cato, Green MEP, Business Green

17 Jun 2016

The nature of Brexit. How the UK exiting the European Union could affect European forest and (forest related) environmental policy

Winkel and Derks, Forest Policy and Economics

15 Jun 2016

Wildlife is better protected in the EU says former environment secretary

Lauren Clarke, Solihull Observer

14 Jun 2016

Lucy Caldicott: Where's the charity voice on the EU referendum?

Third Sector

14 Jun 2016

The leave campaign doesn’t want to talk about the environment. Here’s why

Craig Bennett, Guardian

13 Jun 2016

Caroline Lucas declares EU vote a 'climate referendum'

James Murray, Business Green

13 Jun 2016

Potential "Brexit" raises fears for environment in both Britain and the EU

John McGarrity, China Dialogue

13 Jun 2016

Brexit: Environment industry business risks (part I)

Ross Griffiths, Environment Analyst

10 Jun 2016

Paterson accuses Brussels and 'Green Blob' of hampering green innovation

James Murray, Business Green

9 Jun 2016

The Overwhelming Environmental Reasons for Staying in the EU

Anders Lorenzen, Huffington Post UK

8 Jun 2016

Is the Welsh environment better off in or out of EU?

Steffan Messenger, BBC Wales Environment Correspondent

8 Jun 2016

Friends of the Earth Scotland backs remaining in the EU

Liam Kirkaldy, Holyrood

7 Jun 2016

Caroline Lucas: Leaving EU would be act of ‘environmental vandalism’

Josiah Mortimer, Left Foot Forward

6 Jun 2016

EU Referendum: Environmental Consequences Of Remain Or Leave - The EU has done a lot for the environment, but is Britain now losing its voice?

George Bowden, Acting Editor, Young Voices, Huffington Post UK

5 Jun 2016

Brexit Could Risk Environment Say Friends of the Earth

Blue and Green

3 Jun 2016

Environment: the EU, the UK and the world

Emma Thomson, Palatinate

3 Jun 2016

UK's David Cameron supports EU nature laws, says they are reason to stay in the EU

Sanya Khetani-Shah, BirdLife International

2 Jun 2016

Better, cleaner, greener: Environmentalist groups outline green benefits of EU

George Ogleby, edie newsroom

2 Jun 2016

Why is the environment being IGNORED in the Brexit debate?

Chris Packham, Express

2 Jun 2016

EU referendum: Wildlife groups RSPB and WWF back staying in the EU

Jon Stone, Independent

2 Jun 2016

RSPB and WWF urge backers to vote to stay in EU to protect UK wildlife

Arthur Neslen, Guardian

2 Jun 2016

EU debate video

Landscape Institute

June 2016

Brexit: Environment and development case needs to be heard

Tony Long, Global Governance Institute (EurActiv)

31 May 2016

Pollution and climate change don’t stop at borders — our environment needs the EU

Mary Creagh MP, chair of the Environmental Audit Committee (Left Foot Forward)

31 May 2016

Brexit would free UK from 'spirit-crushing' green directives, says minister

Arthur Neslen, Guardian

30 May 2016

Environmental issues left behind as Brexit rhetoric intensifies

Pilita Clark, Environment Correspondent, Financial Times

29 May 2016

EU referendum: Ed Miliband and Jeremy Corbyn to join forces in climate change warning

Ashley Cowburn, Independent

27 May 2016

Brexit Could Effect Green Infrastructure, Sustainability Professionals Fear

Darrel Moore, CIWM

27 May 2016

Will Brexit help or damage the environment?

Ian Johnston, Environment Correspondent, Independent

27 May 2016

Green consideration would reduce under Brexit, says poll

Jennifer McDowall, resource

27 May 2016

95% of British beaches clean enough to swim, EU tests show

Arthur Neslen, Guardian

25 May 2016

Why British environmentalists should vote for Brexit

Michael Liebreich, Bloomberg New Energy Finance (Guardian)

24 May 2016

Green Spaces: Is the environmental vote IN or OUT?

Laura Schubert, Varsity

24 May 2016

Brexit: ‘Leaving EU would be a disaster’

Mike Scott, Ethical Corporation

23 May 2016

Greening the debate [paywalled]

Isabella Kaminski, ENDS

23 May 2016

Government minister says "beautiful" Sussex coastline is an example for rest of Britain to follow

The Argus

21 May 2016

EU a positive environmental force for UK, say IEMA members

Environment Analyst

19 May 2016

Bishop calls for environmental issues to be debated ahead of EU referendum

Salisbury Journal

17 May 2016

Where to find information on environmental questions in the EU referendum?

Environment EU Ref Blogspot

16 May 2016

Referendum debate accused of sidelining the environment [paywalled]

Isabella Kaminski, ENDS

16 May 2016

Environmental protection: Brexit creates new risks and new opportunities

University of East Anglia

13 May 2016

In or out – what’s the best for British bats?

Response from Britain Stronger in Europe
1 Jun 2016

Chris Packham President, Dr David Gibbons Chair, Julia Hanmer Joint CEO, Kit Stoner Joint CEO, Bat Conservation Trust (Letters, Guardian)

13 May 2016

IEMA poll reveals majority favour EU membership


13 May 2016

Members Recognise UK Environmental and Business Benefits of EU

Institute of Environmental Management and Assessment (IEMA)

11 May 2016

Conservation and Brexit

Steve Backshall, Huffington Post UK

10 May 2016

Could Brexit be the best thing for Europe’s wildlife?

Jules Howard, Guardian

9 May 2016

Fisheries: Facts not Fantasy

Richard Benyon MP, Fishing News

5 May 2016

The EU Referendum Briefing

Landscape Institute

May 2016

Special Report - SocEnv and ENDS EU survey results

ENDS and the Society for the Environment

26 Apr 2016

Green professionals overwhelmingly support staying in EU [paywalled]

Isabella Kaminski, ENDS

26 Apr 2016

Protected species and development control: the merits of widespread invertebrate species in the European Habitats Directive and UK legislation

Hopkins and Thacker, Insect Conservation and Diversity

20 Apr 2016

Labour big beasts make the environmental case for the EU

Henry Zeffman, New Statesman

20 Apr 2016

EU referendum 2016: What do farmers think about Brexit?

Alice Foster, Express

20 Apr 2016

Boris is wrong on Brexit – the environment is better off because of the EU

Stanley Johnson, E4E

20 Apr 2016

Experts agree: EU membership is good for Britain’s natural environment

Charlotte Burns, The Conversation

19 Apr 2016

EU membership 'good for UK environment' say MPs

BBC News

19 Apr 2016

EU membership positive for UK environment

Environmental Audit Committee

19 Apr 2016

EU and UK Environmental Policy report

Environmental Audit Committee

19 Apr 2016

Report: UK can 'exercise global leadership' on climate change in reformed EU

12 Apr 2016

New evidence shows EU is good for our environment

Blue & Green Tomorrow

12 Apr 2016

Green MEP warns EU exit could damage environment

Luke Sproule, Oxford Mail

12 Apr 2016

EU Referendum and UK environment: expert review

Dr Charlotte Burns, Professor Andrew Jordan, Viviane Gravey et al., The UK in a Changing Europe

 11 Apr 2016

Report: Brexit could leave UK 'unrestrained by EU environmental rules'

James Murray, Business Green

11 Apr 2016

Report highlights environmental dangers of leaving EU

Fiona Harvey, Environment Correspondent, Guardian

11 Apr 2016

DEFRA papers over internal tensions on EU referendum [paywalled]

Conor McGlone and Isabella Kaminski, ENDS

8 Apr 2016

EU referendum: UK risks losing energy and climate policy influence

James Murray, Business Green

7 Apr 2016

The Benefits of Europe for Energy and Climate Change - And What Could Happen If We Brexit

Pete Clutton-Brock, Jonathan Gaventa, Alastair Harper and Dustin Benton, E3G

5 Apr 2016

Brexit could put Britain's environment at risk, says Stanley Johnson

Karl Mathiesen, Guardian

4 Apr 2016

Video statements from the official campaigns - Caroline Lucas MP and George Eustice MP


April 2016

Brexit - What will happen to Environmental & Climate Change Law?

Clifford Chance

April 2016

EU referendum: a changing climate

Prof. Christopher Rootes, University of Kent (on

25 Mar 2016

In or out? It all depends…

Dr Carmen Hubbard and Professor David Harvey, Newcastle University's Centre for Rural Economy (on the Landbridge Blog)

24 Mar 2016

UK exit from the EU would be a ‘nightmare’ [paywalled]

Isabella Kaminski, ENDS

24 Mar 2015

Environment sector fires up Brexit debate

Environment Analyst

17 Mar 2016

The Environment After Exit

Costing the Earth, BBC Radio 4

16 Mar 2016

Poll: UK environmental professionals overwhelmingly back continued EU membership

James Murray, Business Green

14 Mar 2016

Brexit: EU & Environment, Support and Evidence for staying in

Communications & Management for Sustainability

15 Mar 2016

NO Brexit: edie readers throw weight behind remaining in the EU

14 Mar 2016

Stronger, Safer, Greener? Should environmentalists support the UK’s membership of the EU?

Ruth Davis, E3G

11 Mar 2016

Ecology professionals’ survey reveals overwhelming majority concerned about Brexit

Holly Waterman, Baker Consultants

11 Mar 2016

Study suggests UK environment would be 'vulnerable' after Brexit

Claire Marshall, BBC Environment Correspondent

11 Mar 2016

Comment: ​EU helps protect our environment in Devon

Richard Austin, Exeter Express and Echo

10 Mar 2016

UK membership of the EU: what it means for wildlife and what might happen if we leave

Martin Harper's blog (RSPB)

9 Mar 2016

Higher risks, less influence: What Brexit could mean for UK environmental policy

Madeleine Cuff, Business Green

9 Mar 2016

Wildlife and the EU – it’s about responsibility, not power

Matt Shardlow, Buglife

7 Mar 2016

Why green groups have a right to be heard on the EU referendum

John Sauven, Greenpeace (in the Guardian)

7 Mar 2016

EU referendum: Britain's biggest environmental charities using public cash to call for In vote

Ben Riley-Smith, Political Correspondent, Telegraph

7 Mar 2016

EU referendum: Brexit will diminish UK's ability to combat international wildlife crime, says environment minister [Rory Stewart]

Charlie Cooper, Whitehall Correspondent, Independent

3 Mar 2016

Brexit would mean renegotiating international environmental agreements [paywalled]

Isabella Kaminski, ENDS

29 Feb 2016

What would Brexit mean for everyday life in the UK?

Daniel Boffey, Toby Helm and Lisa Bachelor, Guardian

28 Feb 2016

Brexit could worsen the construction sector’s skills shortage

Holly Waterman, Baker Consultants

26 Feb 2016

Minister [George Eustice] reveals EU exit plan for British agriculture

Johann Tasker, Farmers Weekly

25 Feb 2016

UK environment ministers at odds over Brexit impact on farming

Press Association, Guardian

24 Feb 2016

Environment Minister [Liz Truss] addresses the National Farmers' Union Conference


23 Feb 2016

Brexit: A leap in the dark that could become a leap into the smog

James Murray, Green Business

22 Feb 2016

Position on EU Membership

Friends of the Earth UK

20 Feb 2016

The UK’s membership of the European Union – why it matters for wildlife

Stephanie Hilborne OBE, Chief Executive, The Wildlife Trusts

20 Feb 2016

PM's statement following Cabinet meeting on EU settlement (Announcement of 23 June 2016 as date of referendum)


20 Feb 2016

What has the EU done for UK nature?

Sam Lowe, Friends of the Earth

7 Feb 2016

Britain’s part in making the EU a plaything of corporate interests

Jeremy Wates, Secretary General, European Environmental Bureau (Letters in the Guardian)

3 Feb 2016

Brexit would return Britain to being 'dirty man of Europe'

Launch of Environmentalists for Europe (E4E), co-chaired by CIEEM Patron Baroness Barbara Young

John Vidal, Guardian

3 Feb 2016

Nature Studies: The environmental case for staying in Europe

Michael McCarthy, Independent

1 Feb 2016

Seven things you should know about the EU and the environment

Matthew Spencer, Green Alliance

28 Jan 2016

Brexit would damage UK environment, say experts

Fiona Harvey, Environment correspondent, Guardian

27 January 2016

EU referendum: 'Brexit' poses huge risk to Britain's countryside, experts warn

Oliver Wright, Political Editor, Independent

26 Jan 2016

Parliamentary question on what contingency arrangements Defra has made for the eventuality of a majority leave vote in the upcoming EU referendum

(Referenced response)

Tim Loughton MP

19 Jan 2016

5 reasons why leaving the EU could be disastrous for the UK's environment

Seb Dance MEP

19 Jan 2016

British exit from EU would be bad for UK renewable energy business

Andrew Baker FCIEEM, Scottish Energy News

14 Jan 2016

UK’s potential exit from the EU threatens economic and regulatory uncertainty

Holly Waterman, Baker Consultants

3 Nov 2015

We pay, but have no say: that’s the reality of Norway’s relationship with the EU

Espen Barth Eide, former Norwegian Minister of Foreign Affairs (in the Guardian)

27 Oct 2015

Assessment of EU/UK environmental policy inquiry

Environmental Audit Committee

19 Oct 2015 (ongoing)

Assessing the Performance of EU Nature Legislation in Protecting Target Bird Species in an Era of Climate Change

Sanderson et al., Conservation Letters

14 Jul 2015

Report on the status of and trends for habitat types and species covered by the Birds and Habitats Directives for the 2007-2012 period

European Commission

20 May 2015

Brexit – what would happen if Britain left the EU?

Katie Allen, Philip Oltermann, Julian Borger and Arthur NeslenGuardian

14 May 2015

Environment report shows benefits of EU action

European Commission

3 Mar 2015

Manual of European Environmental Policy: Chapter 9 - Biodiversity

Institute for European Environmental Policy

27 Nov 2014

Species, Habitats, Society: An Evaluation of Research Supporting EU's Natura 2000 Network

Popescu et al., PLOS One

21 Nov 2014

Environmental policy and the UK’s review of the EU Balance of Competences

Institute for European Environmental Policy

19 Mar 2014

Does the EU benefit the UK environment?

Institute for European Environmental Policy

12 Aug 2013

IES Magazine - The EU: Red Tape or Green Governance

Institution of Environmental Sciences

Aug 2013

Report on the influence of EU policies on the environment

Institute for European Environmental Policy

Aug 2013

How the EU benefits UK environmental policy

Tyndall Centre for Climate Change Research

25 Jul 2013

The environmental consequences of Britain leaving the EU would be huge

Craig Bennett, Guardian

14 May 2013

The Efficiency of the European Natura 2000 Network for Four Birds of Prey

Mazaris et al., PLOS One

19 Mar 2013

The Economic benefits of the Natura 2000 Network

European Commission


The economic benefits of environmental policy

Sustainable Europe Research Institute

Nov 2009

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