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Habitats (Aquatic)

Freshwater

Method Reference Licence Required
General

Pond Action (1998). A Guide to the Methods of the National Pond Survey. Pond Action, Oxford.

Joint Nature Conservation Committee (2005). Common Standards Monitoring Guidance for Freshwater Habitats and Species. JNCC, Peterborough.

Williams PJ, Briggs J, Barr CJ, Cummins CP, Gillespie MK, Rich TCG, Baker A, Beaseley J, Corfield A, Dobson D, Collin AS, Fox G, Howard DC, Luursema K, Rich M, Samson D, Scott WA, White R and Whitfield M (1998). Lowland Pond Survey 1996: Final Report. Department of the Environment, Transport and the Regions.

Howard S (2002). PSYM Manual 2002: A guide to monitoring the ecological quality of ponds and canals using PSYM. Environment Agency Midlands Region.

Furse MT, Hering D, Brabec K, Buffagni A, Sandin L and Verdonschot PFM (eds) (2006). The Ecological Status of European Rivers: Evaluation and Intercalibration of Assessment Methods. Springer, The Netherlands.

Williams P, Biggs J, Dodds L, Whitfield M, Corfield A and Fox G (1996). Biological techniques of still water quality assessment. Phase 1. Scoping Study. Technical Report E7. Environment Agency.

Williams P, Biggs J, Whitfield M, Corfield A, Fox G and Adare K (1998). Biological techniques of still water quality assessment. Phase 2. Method development. Technical Report E56. Environment Agency.

Biggs J, Williams P, Whitfield M, Fox G and Nicolet P (2000). Biological techniques of still water quality assessment. Phase 3. Method development. Technical Report E110. Environment Agency.

Raven PJ, Holmes NTH, Dawson FH and Everard M (1998). Quality assessment using River Habitat Survey data. Aquatic Conservation: Marine and Freshwater Ecosystems, 8: 477–499.

Mackereth FJH, Heron J and Talling JF (1989). Water Analysis: some Revised Methods for Limnologists. Freshwater Biological Association.

Environment Agency (1997). River Habitat Survey: Field Guidance Manual.

National Rivers Authority (1992). River Corridor Surveys. Conservation Technical Handbook Number 1.

Holmes N, Boon P and Rowell T (1999). River vegetation communities: Vegetation communities of British Rivers: a revised classification. JNCC, Peterborough.

Furse MT, Dawson FH, Henville P, Irons GP, Gunn RJM and Winder JM (2002). Countryside Survey 2000 Field Handbook Module 2: Survey of Freshwater Habitats. Environment Agency, Bristol.

No
Net sampling

National Rivers Authority (1990). RIVPACS Field Sampling. Pond-net Sampling.

No
Water Quality

Wright JF, Sutcliffe DW and Furse MT (eds) (2000). Assessing the biological quality of fresh waters: RIVPACS and other techniques. Freshwater Biological Association.

No
Structure/ Morphology

Boon PJ, Wilkinson J and Martin J (1998). The application of SERCON (System for Evaluating Rivers for Conservation) to a selection of rivers in Britain. Aquatic Conservation: Marine and Freshwater Ecosystems, 8: 597-616.

Boon PJ, Holmes NTH, Maitland PS and Rowell TA (1996). SERCON: System for Evaluating Rivers for Conservation; Version 1 Manual. Scottish Natural Heritage, Research, Survey and Monitoring Report, No. 61.

Furse MT (2000). The application of RIVPACS procedures in headwater streams – an extensive and important resource in Wright JF, Sutcliffe DW and Furse MT (eds) Assessing the biological quality of fresh waters: RIVPACS and other techniques. Freshwater Biological Association.

Sykes JM, Lane AM and George DG (eds) (1999). The United Kingdom Environmental Change Network: Protocols for Standard Measurements at Freshwater Sites. Centre for Ecology and Hydrology, Oxford.

RHS accreditation required for people undertaking EA contracts or submitting results to national database.

SERCON training advised but not compulsory.

 

Marine Habitats

Method Reference
General

Joint Nature Conservation Committee (2004). Common Standards Monitoring Guidance for Marine, Version August 2004. JNCC, Peterborough.

Hiscock K (ed) (1985). Rocky Shore Survey and Monitoring Workshop ,1–4 May 1984. British Petroleum International, London.

Hawkins SJ and Jones HD (1992). Marine Field Course Guide 1: Rocky Shores. Immel Publishing.

Davies J, Baxter J, Bradley M, Connor D, Khan J, Murray E, Sanderson W, Turnbull C and Vincent M (eds) (2001). Marine Monitoring Handbook. JNCC, Peterborough.

Howson CM, Connor DW and Holt RHF (1994). The Scottish Sealochs. An Account of Surveys Undertaken for the Marine Nature Conservation Review. Joint Nature Conservation Committee, Peterborough.

Hiscock K (ed) (1996). Marine Nature Conservation Review: Rationale and Methods Series. JNCC, Peterborough.

Davies J et al. (eds) (2001). Natura 2000: Marine Monitoring Handbook. JNCC, Peterborough.

Hiscock K (1998). Biological monitoring of marine Special Areas of Conservation: a review of methods for detecting change. JNCC, Peterborough.

Baker JM and Wolff WJ (1987). Biological surveys of estuaries and coasts. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge.

Connor DW, Allen JH, Golding N, Howell KL, Lieberknecht LM, Northen KO and Reker JB (2004). The Marine Habitat Classification For Britain And Ireland, Version 04.05. JNCC, Peterborough.

Marine Pollution Monitoring Management Group (2000). UK National Marine Monitoring Programme: Green Book. Marine Pollution Monitoring Management Group, Aberdeen.

Marine Pollution Monitoring Management Group (1998). National Monitoring Programme: Survey of the Quality of UK Coastal Waters. Marine Pollution Monitoring Management Group, Aberdeen.

Foster-Smith RL and Sotheran IS (2003). AGDS Mapping marine benthic biotopes using acoustic ground discrimination systems. International Journal of Remote Sensing, 24: 2761-2784.

Marine Life Information Network (MarLIN).

Vegetation communities

Rodwell JS (2002). British plant communities: maritime communities and vegetation of open habitats. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge.

Acoustic Mapping

Stone CJ (2003). Marine Mammal Observations During Seismic Surveys in 2000. JNCC, Peterborough.

Remote Sensing

Richardson LL and LeDrew EF (2006). Remote Sensing of Aquatic Coastal Ecosystem Processes: Science and Management Applications. Springer, The Netherlands.

Benthic Monitoring

Wilding TA, Sayer MDJ and Gibson RN. Procedural Guidelines No. 4-1. Sampling benthic and demersal fish populations in subtidal rock habitats. Dunstaffnage Marine Laboratory.

Eleftheriou A and McIntyre A (eds) (2005). Methods for the Study of Marine Benthos. Blackwell Science, Oxford.