Skip Content

Invertebrates (Aquatic)

Freshwater Invertebrates

Method Reference Licence Required
General

Joint Nature Conservation Committee (2008). Common Standards Monitoring Guidance for Invertebrates, Version March 2008. JNCC, Peterborough.

Kerrison P, Norman T and Fasham M (2005). Aquatic invertebrates in: Hill D, Fasham M, Tucker P, Shewry M and Shaw P (eds) Handbook of Biodiversity Methods: Survey, Evaluation and Monitoring, 359-367. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge.

Drake CM, Lott DA, Alexander KNA and Webb J (2007). Surveying terrestrial and freshwater invertebrates for conservation evaluation. Natural England Research Report NERR005. Natural England, Peterborough.

Wright JF, Sutcliffe DW and Furse MT (eds) (2000). Assessing the biological quality of fresh waters: RIVPACS and other techniques. Freshwater Biological Association.

Murray-Bligh JAD, Furse MT, Jones FH, Gunn RJM, Dines RA and Wright JF (1997). Procedure for collecting and analysing macroinvertebrate samples for RIVPACS. Environment Agency, Bristol.

Environment Agency (1999). Kick sampling and associated laboratory analyses: Procedures for collecting and analysing macro-invertebrate samples.

Marchant R and Hehir G (1999). A method for quantifying hand-net samples of stream invertebrates. Marine and Freshwater Research 50(2): 179–182.

Biggs J (2008). A standard Water Framework Directive compliant method for surveying macroinvertebrate assemblages in ditches. Pond Conservation.

Murray-Bligh JAD (2000). Modifications to the Methods Used for Sampling Invertebrates from Deep Waters. Environment Agency Report.

Murray-Bligh JAD (1996). Procedure for Quality Assurance for RIVPACS compatible Macro-invertebrate samples Analysed to the Taxonomic Level Needed for the BMWP - Serve System. Environment Agency Report.

Kirby P (1992). Habitat Management for Invertebrates: a Practical Handbook. JNCC, Peterborough.

Murray-Bligh JAD and Ferguson A (1999). Procedures for collecting and analysing macro-invertebrate samples. Environment Agency Report.

Good JA and Butler FL (1998). Coastal lagoon shores as a habitat for Staphylinidae and Carabidae (Coleoptera) in Ireland. Bulletin of the Irish Biogeographical Society, 21: 22–65.

No
ISO Standards

ISO 7828: 1985 (BS EN 27828) (1994). Water Quality – Methods of biological sampling – Guidance on handnet sampling of aquatic benthic macro-invertebrates.

ISO 8265: 1988 (BS EN 28265) (1994). Design and use of quantitative samplers for benthic macro-invertebrates on stony substrata in shallow freshwaters.

EN ISO 9391 (1993). Water quality – Sampling in deep waters for macro-invertebrates – guidance on the use of colonization, qualitative and quantitative samplers.

BS EN ISO 8689-1 (2000). Water quality – biological classification of rivers – Part 1: Guidance on the interpretation of biological quality data from surveys of benthic macro-invertebrates.

BS EN ISO 8689-2 (2000). Water quality – biological classification of rivers – Part 1: Guidance on the presentation of biological quality data from surveys of benthic macro-invertebrates.

Skinner A, Young M and Hastie L (2003). Ecology of the Freshwater Pearl Mussel. Conserving Natura 2000 Rivers Ecology Series No. 2. English Nature, Peterborough.

Sutherland WJ (ed) (2006). Ecological census techniques, 2nd Edition. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge.

No
Crayfish

Peay S (2003). Monitoring the White-clawed crayfish Austropotamobius pallipes. Conserving Natura 2000 Rivers Monitoring Series No 1. English Nature, Peterborough.

AERC (1998). Surveys of the Distribution of Freshwater Crayfish (Austropotamobius Pallipes) In Northern Ireland. Environment and Heritage Service.

Licence required for white-clawed crayfish surveys.
Pearl Mussel

Skinner A, Young M and Hastie L (2003). Ecology of the Freshwater Pearl Mussel. Conserving Natura 2000 Rivers Ecology Series No. 2. English Nature, Peterborough.

Survey licence may be required.

 

Marine Invertebrates

Method Reference
General

New TR (1998). Invertebrate Surveys for Conservation. Oxford University Press, Oxford.

Eleftheriou A and McIntyre A (eds) (2005). Methods for the Study of Marine Benthos. Blackwell Science, Oxford.