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References

  1. Institute of Ecology and Environmental Management (2006) Guidelines for Ecological Impact Assessment in the United Kingdom (version 7 July 2006). http://www.ieem.net/ecia/index.html
  2. Treweek, J (1999) Ecological Assessment. Blackwell Science, Oxford
  3. Commission of the European Communities (CEC) (1985) Council Directive 85/337/EEC on the Assessment of the effects of certain public and private projects on the environment. Official Journal of the European Communities, L175, 5.7.85, pp40-48. http://ec.europa.eu/environment/eia/full-legal-text/85337.htm
  4. Commission of the European Communities (CEC) (1997) Council Directive 97/11/EC. Council Directive 97/11/EC of 3 March 1997 amending Directive 85/337/EEC on the assessment of the effects of certain public and private projects on the environment Official Journal of the European Communities, L73, 14.3.97, p5 http://ec.europa.eu/environment/eia/full-legal-text/9711.htm
  5. Environmental impact assessment: guide to procedures
    http://www.communities.gov.uk/documents/planningandbuilding/pdf/157989.pdf
  6. Office of Public Sector Information http://www.opsi.gov.uk/legislation/uk
  7. Guidelines on information to be contained in Environmental Impact Statements (EIS)
    http://www.epa.ie/downloads/advice/ea/guidelines/EPA_advice_on_EIS_2003.pdf
  8. Irish Statute Book
    http://www.irishstatutebook.ie/2004/en/si/0435.html
  9. The Water Environment (Water Framework Directive) (England and Wales) Regulations 2003
     http://www.opsi.gov.uk/SI/si2003/20033242.htm
  10. Water Environment and Water Services (Scotland) Act 2003
    http://www.opsi.gov.uk/legislation/scotland/acts2003/asp_20030003_en_1 and
    Water Framework Directive Regulatory Framework
    http://www.scotland.gov.uk/Topics/Environment/Water/WFD/RegulatoryFramework
  11. The Water Environment (Water Framework Directive) Regulations (Northern Ireland) 2003
    http://www.opsi.gov.uk/sr/sr2003/20030544.htm
  12. Marine Strategy Directive http://ec.europa.eu/environment/water/marine/index_en.htm
  13. The Environmental Liability (Scotland) Regulations http://www.opsi.gov.uk/legislation/scotland/ssi2009/ssi_20090266_en_1
  14. The Environmental Damage (Prevention and Remediation) Regulations 2009 http://www.opsi.gov.uk/si/si2009/uksi_20090153_en_1
  15. The Marine and Coastal Access Act 2009 http://www.opsi.gov.uk/acts/acts2009/pdf/ukpga_20090023_en.pdf
  16. The Marine Bill (as passed) http://www.scottish.parliament.uk/s3/bills/25-MarineScot/b25bs3-aspassed.pdf
  17. SNIFFER (2006) Guidance on the Application of the Precautionary Principle: Overview and Practical Guidance Documents UKCC05
  18. Royal Town Planning Institute (RTPI) (2000) Planning for Biodiversity
  19. European Commission (June 2001) Guidance on EIA Screening
    http://ec.europa.eu/environment/eia/eia-guidelines/g-screening-full-text.pdf
  20. European Communities June 2001 Guidance on EIA Scoping
    http://ec.europa.eu/environment/eia/eia-guidelines/g-scoping-full-text.pdf
  21. HM Government in Association with the Northern Ireland Executive, The Scottish Government and the Welsh Assembly Government (2009) Our Seas - a shared resource High level marine objectives.
  22. Charting Progress  http://chartingprogress.defra.gov.uk/
  23. Regional Environmental Assessment:  A Framework for the Marine Minerals Sector (March 2008)
    http://www.cefas.co.uk/media/126642/rea%20framework%20guidelines_final.pdf
  24. The Crown Estates May 2010. Round 3 Zone Appraisal and  Planning
    http://www.thecrownestate.co.uk/r3_zone_appraisal_and_planning.pdf
  25. Connor, D.W., Brazier, D.P., Hill, T.O., & Northen, K.O. 1997. Marine Nature Conservation Review: marine biotope classification for Britain and Ireland. Vol. 1. Littoral biotopes. Version 97.06. Joint Nature Conservation Committee Report, No. 229
  26. Connor, D.W., Dalkin, M.J., Hill, T.O., Holt, R.H.F., & Sanderson, W.G. 1997. Marine Nature Conservation Review: marine biotope classification for Britain and Ireland. Vol. 2. Sublittoral biotopes. Version 97.06. Joint Nature Conservation Committee Report, No. 230.
  27. Wyn, G., Brazier, P., Jones, M., Roberts, S., Cooke, A., Lough, N. & Uttley, C. (2000). CCW Handbook for Marine Intertidal Phase 1 Survey and Mapping, Countryside Council for Wales, UK.
  28. Institute of Ecology and Environmental Management (2007) Sources of Survey Methods http://www.ieem.net/surveymethods.asp
  29. Protected Sites Designations Directory http://www.jncc.gov.uk/page-1527
  30. National Parks and Wildlife Service – Protected Sites  http://www.npws.ie/en/ProtectedSites/
  31. UNESCO World Heritage Convention http://whc.unesco.org/en/conventiontext/
  32. UNESCO (1994) Biosphere Reserves: the opportunities and potential benefits to people living in and around them. Published by UNESCO/MAB/Defra. See also http://portal.unesco.org/science/en/ev.php-URL_ID=4793&URL_DO=DO_TOPIC&URL_SECTION=201.html
  33. Marine Act now contains provisions for an UKMPA see http://www.ukmpas.org 
  34. Defra (2006) Local Sites Guidance on their Identification, Selection and Management
    http://www.defra.gov.uk/wildlife-countryside/pdf/protected-areas/localsites.pdf
  35. Lieberknecht, L.M., Vincent, M.A., & Connor, D. (2004) Report on the identification of nationally important marine features in the Irish Sea.
  36. Solandt, J-L. 2008. Marine Local Biodiversity Action Plan Guidance Manual for England BAP Marine Conservation Society
  37. UK Biodiversity Action Plan  http://jncc.defra.gov.uk/page-5155
  38.   The Wales Biodiversity Partnership (WBP) http://www.biodiversitywales.org.uk
  39. The Heritage Council Local Biodiversity Action Plans http://www.heritagecouncil.ie/wildlife/heritage-council-initiatives/local-biodiversity-action-plan
  40. For more information see: http://www.cms.int/?cache_buster=20070318190511
  41. For more information see: http://www.ceh.ac.uk/library/index.html
  42. The Marine Life Information Network (MarLIN) http://www.marlin.ac.uk/
  43. Assessment Directive UK SPA Scientific Working Group 17 January 2002 National and international waterbird population estimates http://www.jncc.gov.uk/pdf/waterbirds_jan02.pdf
  44. RSPB et al (2002) The Population Status of Birds in the UK. Birds of Conservation Concern: 2002-2007
  45. Climate Change (Scotland) Act 2009
    http://www.scotland.gov.uk/Topics/Environment/climatechange/scotlands-action/climatechangeact
  46. Flood Risk Management (Scotland) Act 2009
    http://www.scotland.gov.uk/Topics/Environment/Water/Flooding/FRMAct
  47. ODPM 2005 A Practical Guide to the Strategic EnvironmentalPractical guidance on applying European Directive 2001/42/EC “on the assessment of the effects of certain plans and programmes on the environment” Office of the Deputy Prime Minister: London http://www.communities.gov.uk/publications/planningandbuilding/practicalguidesea
  48. The Environmental Protection Agency Guidance on Strategic Environmental Assessment
    http://www.epa.ie/whatwedo/advice/sea/
  49. Countryside Council for Wales, English Nature, Environment Agency, Royal Society for the Protection of BirdsStrategic Environmental Assessment and Biodiversity:  Guidance for Practitioners (June 2004). http://www.rspb.org.uk/Images/SEA_and_biodiversity_tcm9-133070.pdf
  50. European Commission Environment DG (2001)
    Assessment of plans and projects significantly affecting Natura 2000 sites: Methodological guidance on the provisions of Article 6(3) and (4) of the Habitats Directive 92/43/EEC
  51. Connor, D.W., Brazier, D.P., Hill, T.O., & Northen, K.O. 1997. Marine Nature Conservation Review: marine biotope classification for Britain and Ireland. Vol. 1. Littoral biotopes. Version 97.06. Joint Nature Conservation Committee Report, No. 229; and
    Connor, D.W., Dalkin, M.J., Hill, T.O., Holt, R.H.F., & Sanderson, W.G. 1997. Marine Nature Conservation Review: marine biotope classification for Britain and Ireland. Vol. 2. Sublittoral biotopes. Version 97.06. Joint Nature Conservation Committee Report, No. 230.
  52. CHaMPS (Costal Habitat Management Plans http://www.eclife.naturalengland.org.uk/champs/default.asp
  53. ODPM Circular 06/2005 & Defra Circular 01/2005 Biodiversity and geological conservation - statutory obligations and their impact within the planning system  http://www.communities.gov.uk/publications/planningandbuilding/circularbiodiversity
  54. National Assembly of Wales Planning Guidance (Wales), Technical Advice Note (Wales) 5, Nature Conservation and Planning (2009) http://wales.gov.uk/topics/planning/policy/tans/tan5/?lang=en
  55. Scottish Executive (2000) Nature conservation: implementation in Scotland of EC Directives on the conservation of natural habitats and of wild flora and fauna and the conservation of wild birds (‘The Habitats and Birds Directives’). Revised guidance updating Scottish Office Circular no. 6/1995 http://www.scotland.gov.uk/library3/nature/habd-00.asp
  56. Wheeldon, J. (2003). The River Avon cSAC Conservation Strategy. English Nature, Devizes
  57. Morris, R.K.A. & Gibson, C., 2007. Port development and nature conservation – Experiences in England between 1994 and 2005. Ocean and Coastal Management. 50: 443-462.
  58. Statutory Rule 1995 No. 380 The Conservation (Nature Habitats, etc.) Regulations (Northern Ireland) 1995 http://www.opsi.gov.uk/sr/sr1995/Nisr_19950380_en_1.htm
  59. Scottish Statutory Instrument 2004 No. 475 The Conservation (Natural Habitats, &c.) Amendment (Scotland) Regulations 2004 http://www.opsi.gov.uk/legislation/scotland/ssi2004/20040475.htm
  60. Conservation (Natural Habitats, &c.) Regulations 1994 http://www.opsi.gov.uk/si/si1994/uksi_19942716_en_1.htm
  61. R v Cornwall County Council ex parte Jill Hardy [2001 JPL 786]. Note on environmental impact assessment directive for local planning authorities http://www.communities.gov.uk/planningandbuilding/planning/ sustainabilityenvironmental/environmentalimpactassessment/noteenvironmental/
  62. Management of Natura 2000 sites: Guidance Article 6 - Managing and protecting Natura 2000 sites
    http://ec.europa.eu/environment/nature/natura2000/management/guidance_en.htm
  63. Comhshaol, Oidhreacht agus Rialtus Áitiúil Environment, Heritage and Local Government (2009) Appropriate Assessment of Plans and Projects in Ireland Guidance for Planning Authorities